to be fiili konu anlatımı

“to be” fiilinin sözlük anlamı “olmak” tır. “be” fiili öznenin hal takısı olarak görev yapabilir ve başka bir fiile ihtiyaç duymadan durum bildiren cümlelerde fiil görevini üzerine alır. Bu tip cümleler şahısların kim, ne, nasıl, ve nerede olduklarını belirlerler.
“to be” fiilinin genel kullanım alanları:

Feelings: How are you?
Age: He is 12 years old.
Identity: He is my son.
Qualities: Cheetah is the fastest land animal.
Events: The parade was on Thursday.
Cost: How much is this frame?
Numbers: two plus two is four.
Jobs: She is a dentist.
Nationality: They are Spanish.
Possession: This house is mine.

to be fiilinin Simple Present Tense ile kullanımı

Simple Present Tense de “be” fiili özneye göre am/is/are halini alır. “I” için “am”, “you, we, they” için “are”, “he, she, it” için ise “is” kullanılır. ( to be Simple Past Tense )

To Be – Affirmative

Subject To Be Examples
I am I am from Turkey.
You are You are Chilean.
He is He is twenty years old.
She is She is a nurse.
It is It is a big dog.
We are We are intelligent.
You are You are students.
They are They are married.

To Be – Contractions

To be fiili özellikle konuşma esnasında kısaltılarak kullanılır.

To Be Contraction Examples
I am I’m
You are You’re You’re Chilean.
He is He’s He’s twenty years old.
She is She’s She’s a nurse.
It is It’s It’s a big dog.
We are We’re We’re intelligent.
You are You’re You’re students.
They are They’re They’re married.

To Be – Negative Sentences

Bütün yardımcı fiillerde olduğu gibi, yardımcı fiili olumsuz yaparken yardımcı fiilden sonra NOT ifadesi eklenir. AM NOT, ARE NOT yada IS NOT.

Subject To Be Examples
I am not I am not from Spain.
You are not You are not Australian.
He is not He is not thirty years old.
She is not She is not a secretary.
It is not It is not a small cat.
We are not We are not stupid.
You are not You are not teachers.
They are not They are not single.

To Be – Negative Contractions

Yardımcı fiili olumsuz yaparken yardımcı fiilden sonra NOT ifadesi eklendiğini biliyoruz. Bütün yardımcı fiillerde olduğu gibi kısaltılmış olarak N’T uygulanırsa ARE NOT AREN’T ve IS NOT ISN’T halini alır.

I’m not from Spain. ————–*
You’re not Australian. OR You aren’t Australian.
He’s not thirty years old. OR He isn’t thirty years old.
She’s not a secretary. OR She isn’t a secretary.
It’s not a small cat. OR It isn’t a small cat.
We’re not stupid. OR We aren’t stupid.
You’re not teachers. OR You aren’t teachers.
They’re not single. OR They aren’t single.

* Dikkat: am not ifadesi amn’t olarak kullanılmaz. I am not ifadesi sadece I’m not olarak kısaltılabilir.

To Be – Questions

Cevabı evet ya da hayır olan sorular yardımcı fiille sorulur. to be fiili ile soru yapmak istersek to be fiilini öznenin önüne getirmemiz gerekiyor.

You are happy.
Are you happy?

To Be – Soru Cümlesi Örnekleri

Affirmative Question
I am intelligent. Am I intelligent?
You are a student. Are you a student?
He is a pilot. Is he a pilot?
She is from Spain. Is she from Spain?
It is a big house. Is it a big house?
We are ready. Are we ready?
You are doctors. Are you doctors?
They are rich. Are they rich?

To Be – Short Answers

Konuşma esnasında to be fiili ile sorulan sorulara genellikle kısa cevap verilir.

Are you a student? – Yes, I am (a student).
Yukarıdaki cümlede (a student) gerekli değildir.
Kısa cevaplar gereksiz tekrarlamayı önler.

Question Short Answers Short Answers
Am I intelligent? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
Are you a student? Yes, I am. No, I am not.
Is he a pilot? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.
Is she from Spain? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t.
Is it a big house? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.
Are we ready? Yes, we are. No, we aren’t.
Are you doctors? Yes, we are. No, we aren’t.
Are they rich? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

to be fiilinin Simple Present Tense ile kullanımına dair örnek cümleler

  • Cümlelerin Türkçe karşılıklarını düşünün.
  • Bilmediğiniz kelimeleri ve anlamlarını bir kağıda yazarak kelime çalışması yapın.
  • Soruları cevaplamaya çalışın.
  • Aşağıdaki cümlelerin tamamını pdf olarak indirin: Simple Present Tense to be fiili örnek cümleler PDF

1. I AM saving up to buy a car.
2. She IS sleeping in the armchair.
3. We ARE good at English.
4. Mrs Denis IS very keen on the cinema.
5. You ARE a cousin by mariage.
6. They ARE very tired this morning.
7. Clement and John ARE in the kitchen.
8. My phone number IS two one nine six five six one.
9. My credit card IS blocked, I don’t know why!
10. I AM living at Morisson’s.

1. My name IS Christopher.
2. I AM twenty years old.
3. How old ARE you?
4. What time IS it?
5. They ARE restaurant managers.
6. My brother IS fifteen.
7. What nationality ARE you?
8. We ARE French!
9. It IS a cat!
10. She IS my sister.

ingilizce “to be” fiilinin soru örneklerini ve olumlu cümlelerini inceleyiniz.

1. How ARE you ?
2. She IS painting her sister.
3. I AM a girl.
4. What IS he doing ?
5. ARE they tired?
6. Tom IS at home.
7. I AM twelve.
8. IS he playing ?
9. Mary and I ARE very nice.
10. ARE you drawing ?

1. This teacher IS an English one.
2. I AM very tired today.
3. We ARE so happy to see you!
4. It IS ten o’clock and I’ve to go.
5. My friends ARE on holiday.
6. My parents ARE very old now.
7. My best buddy IS always late.
8. Peter IS not at school today.
9. I AM sixteen and it is my birthday.
10. We ARE better than them.

to be fiilinin olumlu ve olumsuz örnek cümlelerini inceleyiniz.

1. You and I ARE here.
2. It IS very big.
3. The boy’s parents ARE nice.
4. The children ARE at the table.
5. I AM in the swimming pool.
6. The mice ARE between me and you.
7. My computer IS on the table.
8. We ARE here.
9. You ARE here too.
10. How ARE you?

1. The weather IS nice today.
2. I AM not tired .
3. This bag IS heavy.
4. These bags ARE heavy.
5. Look ! There IS Marouane.
6. My brother and I ARE good tennis players.
7. Her children ARE at school.
8. My sister IS a nurse.
9. Your shoes ARE very dirty, you should clean them.
10. This house IS not very big.

1. My parents ARE not at home.
2. Where IS the bank ?
3. I AM very hungry.
4. Régine IS playing the piano with me.
5. How old ARE you ?
6. Where IS the nearest bank ?
7. ARE you a teacher ?
8. Who IS this girl ?
9. We ARE very good friends.
10. IS there a post-office in the street ?

1. We ARE many people in this room.
2. My brother IS very gentle.
3. I AM very happy today.
4. You ARE nice today!
5. Many people ARE beautiful in this class.
6. Sara IS calm.
7. The kittens ARE so cute.
8. It IS splendid!
9. ARE you good at doing this work?
10. I AM very tired!

1. David’s new bicycle IS blue.
2. Are these your books? No, they ARE NOT
3. My children ARE 8 and 6 years old.
4. We can walk to the supermarket. It IS NOT far.
5. I AM NOT interested in baseball. I think it’s boring.
6. Are you a teacher? Yes, I AM
7. When IS your birthday ?
8. Kate and Sandra ARE at work today .
9. You ARE wrong.9×9 is 81, not 82.
10. IS this the right bus for the city centre?

1. We ARE strong
2. You ARE brave.
3. My sister IS beautiful.
4. The pupils ARE clever.
5. I AM your friend.
6. It IS sunny.
7. My brother and I ARE tired.
8. This boy IS big.
9. They ARE old.
10. IS he late?

1. I AM cold. Can you close the window, please?
2. I am 20 years old. My brother IS 16.
3. My brother IS very tall.
4. John IS afraid of dogs.
5. It’s ten o’clock. you ‘RE late again.
6. I ‘M tired and hungry.
7. You and I ARE good friends.
8. Your keys ARE on the desk.
9. Jayjay IS NOT interested in politics.
10. He IS NOT at home at the moment.,he is at work.

1. Those people ARE NOT English..
2. It ‘S sunny today and warm.
3. The dog IS in the bedroom.
4. How are you? I AM fine!
5. You and the dog ARE here.
6. Where ARE my shoes? in your bedroom.
7. What IS the time, please?
8. They ARE late today.
9. She IS one of my pupils.
10. We ARE a good group.

to be fiilinin Simple Past Tense ile kullanımını ve örnek cümlelerini buradan görebilirsiniz.

Sıklık Zarfları Frequency Adverbs

Sıklık zarfları nedir? Bir işi ne sıklıkta yada ne kadar ara ile yaptığımızı belirtmek için sıklık zarflarını kullanırız. Bazen, sık sık, ara sıra, daima, genellikle, binde bir, asla gibi ifadeler sıklık zarflarını işaret eder. İşte bu zarflara adverbs of frequency denir. Frequency Adverbs (Sıklık zarfları) genellikle simple present tense ile kullanılmasına rağmen diğer zamanlarla da kullanılabilir. Frequency adverbs konu anlatımı ve frequency adverbs örneklerini inceledikten sonra bu konuyu detaylıca öğrenmiş olacaksınız.

Sıklık zarfları nelerdir? Öncelikle en çok kullanılan sıklık zarflarına bir göz atalım.

Frequency Adverb of Frequency Turkish Example Sentence
100% always daima, her zaman I always go to bed before 11pm.
90% usually çoğunlukla I usually walk to work.
80% normally / generally genellikle I normally go to the gym.
70% often / frequently sık sık I often surf the internet.
50% sometimes bazen I sometimes forget my wife’s birthday.
30% occasionally ara sıra I occasionally eat junk food.
10% seldom / rarely nadiren I seldom read the newspaper.
5% hardly ever hemen hemen hiç I hardly ever drink alcohol.
0% never asla I never swim in the sea.

Sıklık zarflarının cümle içindeki yeri

Sıklık zarfları esas fiilden önce kullanılır.

  • Subject + adverb + main verb
  • I always remember to do my homework.
  • He normally gets good marks in exams.

Cümlede “to be” fiili varsa sıklık zarfı be fiilinden sonra kullanılır.

  • Subject + to be + adverb
  • They are never pleased to see me.
  • She isn’t usually bad tempered.

Cümlede yardımcı fiil kullanıyorsak sıklık zarfı yardımcı fiil ile esas fiilin arasında kullanılır. (have, will, must, might, could, would, can, etc.)

  • Subject + auxiliary + adverb + main verb
  • She can sometimes beat me in a race.
  • I would hardly ever be unkind to someone.
  • They might never see each other again.
  • They could occasionally be heard laughing.

“have to” kullanılan cümlelerde sıklık zarfı “have to” dan önce yer alır.

  • We often have to wait for the bus.

Usually, normally, often, frequently, sometimes, occasionally sıklık zarfları birer cümlenin başında ya da sonunda kullanılabilir. ”often” cümlenin sonunda ise genellikle “very” yada “quite” ile birlikte kullanılır.

  • Occasionally, I like to eat Thai food.
  • Sometimes they come and stay with us.
  • I play tennis frequently.
  • He is not angry usually.
  • I don’t talk to him often.
  • Often he walks.
  • He walks quite often.

Always, seldom, rarely, hardly, ever, never sıklık zarfları cümlenin başında yer almaz.

Hardly ever ve never sıklık zarfları pozitif cümlelerde kullanılır. Ancak kullanıldıkları cümleye negatif bir anlam verirler.

  • She hardly ever comes to my parties. (O verdiğim partilere hemen hemen hiç gelmez.)
  • They never say ‘thank you’. (Onlar asla teşekkür etmezler.)

ever sıklık zarfı soru cümlelerinde ve negatif cümlelerde kullanılır ve ever sıklık zarfı genellikle present perfect tense cümlelerinde kullanılır.

  • Have you ever been to New Zealand?
  • I haven’t ever been to Switzerland. (The same as ‘I have never been Switzerland’).

Sıklık zarflarının olumsuz cümleler içindeki yeri

İngilizce sıklık zarfları olumsuz cümlelerde olumsuzluk eki olan “not” dan sonra gelir.

  • I don’t always get up early.
  • She doesn’t always study very hard.
  • They aren’t always late for class.
  • Suzanne doesn’t usually get involved in politics.
  • It doesn’t often snow here at Christmas.
  • I don’t ever download music from the Internet.
  • Iron supplements aren’t usually necessary for men.
  • Professor Morgan isn’t often at a loss for words.
  • Peter doesn’t usually get up before seven.
  • They don’t always play tennis on Sundays.

Dikkat: frequently, sometimes ve occasionally olumsuzluk ekinden önce gelir.

sometimes don’t want to be with people.
She frequently doesn’t want to study.
They sometimes aren’t ready on time.
She occasionally isn’t polite to the people around.

Bunlara ek olarak bir işin ne sıklıkta yapıldığını aşağıdaki ifadeler ile de anlatabiliriz. Aşağıdaki sıklık zarfları genellikle cümlenin sonunda yer alır ama bu bir kural değildir çünkü bazen cümle başına de gelirler.

  • once a week ( haftada bir kere )
  • twice a day ( günde iki kere )
  • three times a month ( ayda üç kere )
  • every day ( her gün )
  • every other day ( gün aşırı ) gibi sıklık zarfları da vardır.

Aşağıda Sıklık Zarfları’nın kullanıldığı (Frequency Adverbs) cümleleri yer almaktadır. 100′ den fazla sıklık zarfı cümlesi örneği ile Frequency Adverbs konusunu daha iyi kavrayacağınızı düşünüyorum.

  • Cümlelerin Türkçe karşılıklarını düşünün.
  • Bilmediğiniz kelimeleri ve anlamlarını bir kağıda yazarak kelime çalışması yapın.
  • Soruları cevaplamaya çalışın.
  • Aşağıdaki cümlelerin tamamını pdf olarak indirin: Sıklık Zarfları Frequency Adverbs PDF

Sıklık zarfları ile ilgili örnek cümleler

The plane flies to London every Monday.
He doesn’t walk to work, he always drives.
Ayla dances every Saturday with her boyfriend.
Veli plays computer every day.
Three friends go to the forest every autumn.
The boys never tell us any funny jokes.
They often arrive late.
Do we use the computer every day?
Selim studies English every night.
Does he always get up at seven?

Aşağıda frequency adverbs örnekler yer almakta.

Osman and Aysel go to London every month.
The supermarket closes at 0 pm every Saturday.
We don’t go to the cinema every Friday.
How often do you study English?
The train to London leaves every two hours.
My friend always helps me if I need it.
I write a poem every day .
We listen to music every evening.
How often does she go to the cinema?
They use the Internet every evening.

We take the bus often.
It never rains in Delhi.
Does she usually go to the cinema?
She drinks coffee every day.
Do you usually go to the theatre?
Normally our neighbour leaves the house at 8 o’clock.
What do they usually cook?
He goes to school every day.
I play football every day.
Do you often take the train?

Sıklık zarfları ile ilgili cümlelere devam ediyoruz.

I go to school every day.
He drives to work every day.
Why does she swim every morning?
She swims for an hour every morning.
The earth pulls every object towards it.
My father gets up at 4 o’clock every morning.
I usually stay at home on Fridays.
His brother always washes his car on Saturdays.
I always eat breakfast.
I don’t leave work on time very often.

I do my homework every night.
Why do we always get into trouble?
We often watch TV.
Does she dance often?
We sometimes read books.
Danny doesn’t phone his father on Sundays.
Sometimes I go to work by bus.
He watches television every morning.
The baby cries every night.
The teacher walks to school every day.

Sıklık zarfları ingilizce cümlelere devam ediyoruz.

She takes a piano lesson every Monday.
He always speaks the truth.
It often rains on Sundays.
They often have parties.
The Olympic Games take place every four years.
I fly to Austria every winter.
Danny phones his father on Sundays.
I GO to Paris every weekend.
Necla visits her old aunt every day.
School starts at 8 o’clock on Mondays.

We draw pictures every week.
Does Peker go to school every day?
Ron plays basketball every Friday.
She catches a cold every winter.
Her children play football in the garden every day.
My friend often draws nice posters.
My mum seldom watches TV.
Mürsel drinks coffee every day.
We meet our uncle every week.

sıklık zarfları örnekleri bu konuyu daha iyi anlamanızı sağlayacaktır.

I cook almost every night.
She doesn’t drink tea every afternoon.
Do they write e-mails every day?
Elif does the ironing every day.
I always drink tea in the morning.
You go to the swimming pool every Saturday.
We always learn a lot at school.
She eats noodles every Monday.
Jale never wears jeans.
You often go swimming.

I usually wake up at early in the morning.
Melek often helps her mother.
You do your homework every day.
She sings at her music lesson every Wednesday.
The dog likes Neşe. She often walks him after school on Thursdays.
Sometimes they go shopping to a big town.
Does he eat rice often?
He listens to the radio every evening.
The girls always listen to pop music.
How often do I come here?

frequency adverbs örneklere devam ediyoruz.

We cook every day.
How often do you play football?
Usually I play handball.
It always rains in that country.
Does Remzi take coffee every evening?
She thinks about her holidays often.
You walk to the station every day.
Do you always go to bed at eight?
We speak English very often .
Does she drink coffee every day?

Does it often rain in England?
Kemal plays computer every week.
Selman visits the library every Sunday.
Does she meet her brother every week?
They always go to work by bus.
Lessons always finish at 3 o’clock.
Do I go out often?
I usually watch TV in the evening.
Do you drink tea every morning?
We listen to music regularly.

They drink milk every morning.
My sister always arrives late from school.
They play volleyball every week.
The principal reaches the college at 8 a.m. every day.
When do they usually talk to each other?
You don’t study English very often.
Selma does the housework every Thursday.
I always hurry to the bus stop.
Ali ve Veli often go to restaurants.

Simple Present Tense WH Questions

“WH Questions” olarak tabir edilen soru kelimeleri genellikle cümlenin başında yer alırlar. Simple Present Tense WH Questions konusunu iyi anlarsanız diğer tense’ lerde hiç zorluk çekmezsiniz. (what – when – where – who – why – how – how much – how many gibi.)

Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman ) cümlelerinin soru şekillerinde DO ve DOES yardımcı fiili kullanılır. DOES yardımcı fiili sadece 3. tekil şahıslar için (he/she/it) kullanılır. DO yardımcı fiili ise diğer şahısların bulunduğu cümlelerde kullanılır.

Aşağıdaki örnekler de de görebileceğiniz gibi simple present tense soru cümlelerinde tüm şahıslar için fiilin yalın halini kullanırız. Olumsuz soru yapmak için özneye göre don’t yada doesn’t kullanılır.

Aşağıda Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) yapısı ile kurulmuş Simple Present Tense WH Soru Cümleleri yer almaktadır. 100′ den fazla WH soru cümlesi örneği ile Simple Present Tense WH soru cümle yapısını daha iyi kavrayacağınızı düşünüyorum.

  • Cümlelerin Türkçe karşılıklarını düşünün.
  • Bilmediğiniz kelimeleri ve anlamlarını bir kağıda yazarak kelime çalışması yapın.
  • Soruları cevaplamaya çalışın.
  • Aşağıdaki cümlelerin tamamını pdf olarak indirin: Simple Present Tense WH Questions PDF

Simple Present Tense “HOW” Questions

HOW? NASIL?
How do you like your spagetti?
How do you travel on your holiday?
How well does he speak English?
How do they get to work?
How does he carry such a heavy bag?
How does he travel to work?

Simple Present Tense “HOW OFTEN” Questions

HOW OFTEN? NE SIKLIKTA?
How often do you go to cinema?
How often do you go to the movies?
How often do you see him?
How often does she make dinner at home?
How often do you go to gym?
How often does your teacher make exam?
How often do I come here?
How often do you play football?
How often do you study English?
How often does she go to the cinema?

Simple Present Tense “HOW MUCH” Questions

HOW MUCH? NE KADAR?
Fiyat sorarken:
How much does it cost?
How much money do you have?
How much paper is in the printer?
Miktar sorarken:
How much sugar do you want in your coffee?

Simple Present Tense “HOW MANY” Questions

HOW MANY? KAÇ TANE?
How many books do you read every month?
How many bread do you buy everyday?
How many cars do you have?
How many doors does this car have?
How many sugars does she take in her coffee?
How many brothers does she have?
How many children do you have?

Simple Present Tense “HOW LONG” Questions

HOW LONG? NE KADAR SÜRER?
How long does a footbal match continue?
How long does it take to go to school?
How long does it take to go to work?
How long does it take from London to Paris?

Simple Present Tense “HOW FAR” Questions

HOW FAR? NE KADAR UZAKLIKTA?
How far is your school away from here? It is 5 km away from our house.

Simple Present Tense “WHAT” Questions

WHAT? NE?/HANGİ?
What do most people wear on their feet?
What do they like to watch on TV?
What do they usually cook?
What do we need?
What do you buy in the supermarket?
What do you consider to be your strength and weakness?
What do you do at the weekend?
What do you do?
What do you like?
What do you want to eat?
What does a cat chase?
What does he do at weekends?
What does he do in his free time?
What does Lucy do at the weekends?
What does this machine do?
What sports does Lucy like?

Simple Present Tense “WHAT TIME” Questions

WHAT TIME? SAAT KAÇ?
What time do you go to school everday?
What time does he go to work?
What time does the film start?

Simple Present Tense “WHEN” Questions

WHEN? NE ZAMAN?
When do raccoons come out?
When do students buy their parking permits?
When do they usually talk to each other?
When do you finish work?
When do you get up?
When do you go for shopping?
When do you go to sleep?
When do you take a holiday?
When does he usually go on holiday?
When does she go to her Chinese class?
When does she study?
When does the academic year commence?
When does the sun rise?

Simple Present Tense “WHERE” Questions

WHERE? NEREDE?/NEREYE?
Where do homeless people live?
Where do I come on Mondays?
Where do you eat lunch?
Where do you go for lunch?
Where do you go to school?
Where do you live?
Where do you make your paintings?
Where do you play tennis?
Where do you put up from?
Where does Alicia work?
Where does John come from?
Where does she live?
Where does the President of the US live?
Where does Tom work?
Where does wool come from?

Simple Present Tense “WHY” Questions

WHY? NİÇİN?
Why do I have to clean up?
Why do we always get into trouble?
Why do we study English at night?
Why do you eat so much chocolate?
Why do you have those medicine everyday?
Why do you take a bus to Bursa every week?
Why does he do sports everyday?
Why does John ride a bicycle?
Why does she cry all the time?
Why does she swim every morning?

Simple Present Tense “WHICH” Questions

WHICH? HANGİ/HANGİSİ?
Which game do you like?
Which is your house?

Simple Present Tense “WHO” Questions

WHO? KİM?
Who do you like?
Who do you pay your rent to?
Who does she meet on Saturdays?
Who does the mailman deliver your mail to?

Simple Present Tense “WHOSE” Questions

WHOSE? KİMİN?
Whose is this camera?
Whose jacket is this?

Dikkat: Who, what veya which özne durumunda olduğu zaman do/does kullanılmaz. Fiile s/es/ies eklenir.

Who lives in this house? Ahmet lives in this house.
Who rides his bike? Remzi rides his bike.
Who corrects your homework? Ali corrects my homework.
Who studies Russian? Aziz studies Russian.
What lives in our garden? Cats live in your garden.

Simple Present Tense Soru Cümleleri

Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman ) cümlelerinin soru şekillerinde DO ve DOES yardımcı fiili kullanılır. Bunlardan DOES yardımcı fiili sadece 3. tekil şahıslar için (he/she/it) kullanılır. DO yardımcı fiili ise diğer şahısların bulunduğu cümlelerde kullanılır.

Aşağıdaki örnekler de de görebileceğiniz gibi simple present tense soru cümlelerinde tüm şahıslar için fiilin yalın halini kullanırız. Olumsuz soru yapmak için soru cümlesi özneye göre don’t yada doesn’t ile başlar.

Aşağıda Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) yapısı ile kurulmuş Simple Present Tense Soru Cümleleri yer almaktadır. 100 civarındaki soru cümle ile Simple Present Tense soru cümle yapısını daha iyi kavrayacağınızı düşünüyorum.

Simple Present Tense Soru Cümleleri

Simple Present Tense Soru Cümlesi örneklerine geçmeden önce şu yapıları hatırlayalım.

simple_present_tense

Simple Present Tense Affirmative Negative Question

  • Cümlelerin Türkçe karşılıklarını düşünün.
  • Bilmediğiniz kelimeleri ve anlamlarını bir kağıda yazarak kelime çalışması yapın.
  • Soru cümlelerini cevaplamaya çalışın.
  • Aşağıdaki cümlelerin tamamını pdf olarak indirin: Simple Present Tense Soru Cümleleri PDF

Do you like coffee?
Does he play tennis on Saturdays?
Does he teach in a school?
Do we get wool from sheep?
Do you often take the train?
Do you drink alcohol?
Does she live in London?
Does it often rain in England?
Do you live in London?
Does Lucy study History?

Do you like going to restaurants?
Do they write e-mails every day?
Does Kevin take medicine daily?
Do they live in England?
Do you own a car?
Does Anna study English?
Does Tom get up at six o’clock?
Do Tülay and her brother like soccer?
Do you meet your friends on Fridays?

Does he know how to play the violin?
Does he play in goal?
Does David’s brother live in New York?
Do they like pizza?
Do we get wool from sheep?
Do they study French?
Do you like cake?
Does Remzi take coffee every evening?
Does she meet her brother every week?

Does Carol want a new pair of shoes?
Does he play football?
Do I work as a teacher?
Does he eat rice often?
Does he teach physics?
Do they get up at five?
Does Alicia work in a restaurant ?
Do you drink tea every morning?
Do you read a lot?

Do Halit and his brother work in a factory?
Does she want an ice cream?
Do I go out often?
Do you smoke?
Do you understand the question?
Does John come from New Zealand?
Do they hate studying?
Does your mother live in Houston?
Do we have enough time?

Do you like cats?
Do you speak English?
Does Jane work in a bank?
Does Alberto study on Mondays?
Does David want some coffee?
Do you always go to bed at eight?
Do you play football?
Does Jane go to school?
Do they help their parents a lot?

Does he go to school?
Do they wear suits to work
Does she drink coffee every day?
Do you go shopping at the weekend?
Does Gabriela’s friend have a beautiful house?
Do we use the computer every day?
Do you play football?
Does she dance often?
Does she watch TV in the evenings?

Does she work in an office?
Do they live in teepees?
Do you usually go to the theatre?
Do I love studying languages?
Does he always get up at seven?
Does she usually go to the cinema?
Does it snow here in winter?
Does Peker go to school everyday?

Simple Present Tense Olumlu Cümleler

Present Simple Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman ) olumlu cümlelerinde yardımcı fiil kullanmayız ve fiilin 1. halini kullanırız. (goworkspeakstudy gibi). Ancak eylemi yapan 3. tekil şahıs ise (he, she, it), fiil duruma göre s/es/ies eklerinden birini alır.

Simple Present Tense Olumlu Cümle örneklerine geçmeden önce şu yapıları hatırlayalım.

simple_present_tense

Simple Present Tense Affirmative Negative Question

  • Cümlelerin Türkçe karşılıklarını düşünün.
  • Bilmediğiniz kelimeleri ve anlamlarını bir kağıda yazarak kelime çalışması yapın.
  • Olumlu cümleleri olumsuz yapmaya çalışın.
  • Olumsuz cümleleri olumlu yapmaya çalışın.
  • Soru cümlelerini cevaplamaya çalışın.
  • Aşağıdaki cümlelerin tamamını pdf olarak indirin: Simple Present Tense Olumlu Cümleler PDF

A cat and a dog play together.
I like black shoes.
He watches television every morning.
The supermarket closes at 10 pm every Saturday.
The mice eat cheese.
We go to the park on Sundays.
I always eat breakfast.
You can go.
Melissa has two big brother
She drinks coffee every day.

They are Austrian.
Sakdo washes his hand.
The train arrives in the morning.
She borrows my pencil.
Danny phones his father on Sundays.
I have minor problems and minor headaches.
Emily goes to the disco.
Pam wants another T-shirt.
The women buy a lot of things.
You do your homework every day.

The table IS big.
They are eleven.
The girls always listen to pop music.
The class begins at 9 a.m.
They swim in the pool
A real friend helps you if you need it.
They can dance.
I like swimming.
They play tennis.
John is nic- John is not nice.

She sings at her music lesson every Wednesday.
He loves driving fast cars.
My brother reads books.
I speak Italian.
She takes two sugars in her coffe?
I am 40 years old.
We listen to music every evening.
I like music and drama.
They live in London
In the morning, we drink water and fruit juice.

Mother likes butterflies.
You play the guitar.
My cousins live in Marbella.
He lives in Bursa.
Ayşe is the best singer of our school.
The car has lots of options!
I understand the exercise.
Simon reads comics.
I eat cereal in the morning.
On holidays, I sleep a lot.

Ice melts at 0°C.
The news IS bad today .
I go to school every day.
Sometimes I go to work by bus.
The Queen likes her dogs.
I go to school everyday.
I cook almost every night.
I am from Vienna, Austria.
He knows a lot about computers.
Ron plays basketball every Friday .

They talk about sticker.
I’m having dinner.
You read a lot of books.
He is good at investments.
You often go swimming.
We have a nice garden.
A cat likes mice.
The mother and her children help one another.
We are ready.
The plane is full.

Susie speaks many languages.
She loves chocolate.
My father works at school.
This sweater suits you.
They live in Texas.
I love eating salads!
A dog eats its food.
The principal reaches the college at 8 a.every day.
We take photos.
He has a problem with his car.

We speak English very often .
He can come.
He sings in a rock band.
Birds of a feather flock together.
The doctors help us.
Water freezes at 0 degree Centigrade.
He cooks on Tuesday.
You go to bed very early.
The snowmen melt in spring.
He studies English on Friday.

She has three daughters
We listen to music regularly.
You do your homework after school.
It always rains in that country.
I live in London.
That tie matches your trousers.
She wears a new watch.
He listens to the radio every evening.
Their dog has a lot of toys.
My mother and father work very much.

Simple Present Tense’i (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) tüm detayları ile öğrenmek için İngilizce Geniş Zaman Konu Anlatımı isimli makaleyi okuyunuz.

Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) ile ilgili daha fazla örnek cümle için Simple Present Tense Örnekler bağlantısına tıklayınız.

Simple Present Tense’i (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) yeterince öğrendiğinizi mi düşünüyorsunuz? O halde İngilizce Geniş Zaman Testleri bağlantısına tıklayınız.

 

Simple Present Tense Olumsuz Cümleler

Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman ) cümlelerinin olumsuz ve soru şekillerinde DO ve DOES yardımcı fiili kullanılır. Bunlardan DOES yardımcı fiili sadece 3. tekil şahıslar için (he/she/it) kullanılır. DO yardımcı fiili ise diğer şahısların bulunduğu cümlelerde kullanılır. Bütün yardımcı fiillerde olduğu gibi, yardımcı fiili olumsuz yaparken yardımcı fiilden sonra NOT ifadesi eklenir. DO NOT yada DOES NOT. Yine bütün yardımcı fiillerde olduğu gibi kısaltılmış olarak N’T uygulanırsa DON’T yada DOESN’T halini alır.

Aşağıda Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) yapısı ile kurulmuş Simple Present Tense Olumsuz Cümleleri yer almaktadır. 50 civarındaki olumsuz cümle ile Simple Present Tense olumsuz cümle yapısını daha iyi kavrayacağınızı düşünüyorum.

  • Cümlelerin Türkçe karşılıklarını düşünün.
  • Bilmediğiniz kelimeleri ve anlamalarını bir kağıda yazarak kelime çalışması yapın.
  • Olumsuz cümleleri olumlu yapın.

Simple Present Tense Olumsuz Cümleler

She doesn’t study German on Monday.
The Olympic champion doesn’t come from Victoria.
I don’t like computers at all.
I don’t eat breakfast at 8.00 am.
We don’t go to the cinema every Friday.
Mr Bean doesn’t teach German in London.
I don’t like spanish.
He doesn’t like fish.
I like English but I don’t like maths.
What do you like? I don’t want to live in Australia.

Mary doesn’t have an expensive car.
I don’t leave work on time very often.
I like English but I don’t like science.
They don’t live in a small flat.
They’re not very good students, they don’t do their homework.
I don’t work from home.
They don’t work in a bank.
Some insects don’t carry serious diseases.
You don’t live in London.
The train doesn’t arrive until 9 in the night.

Danny doesn’t phone his father on Sundays.
You don’t study English very often.
She doesn’t drink tea every afternoon.
Your brother doesn’t start work at six.
I don’t like eggs.
His students don’t speak German in class.
This wine doesn’t cost a lot of money.
We don’t use computer.
My mum doesn’t like computers at all.
Their mother doesn’t collect postcards.

He doesn’t walk to work, he always drives.
You don’t play the guitar.
He doesn’t like you.
He doesn’t like his job, it’s boring.
They don’t have breakfast at home.

Simple Present Tense’i (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) tüm detayları ile öğrenmek için Simple Present Tense Konu Anlatımı isimli makaleyi okuyunuz.

İngilizce Geniş Zaman konusuyla ilgili daha fazla örnek için:

Simple Present Tense Örnekler

Aşağıda Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) ile kurulmuş örnek cümleler yer almaktadır. Simple Present Tense ile hazırlanmış bu 100 örnek cümle İngilizce Geniş Zaman yapısını daha iyi kavramanızı sağlayacaktır.

Simple Present Tense örneklerine geçmeden önce şu yapıları hatırlayalım.

simple_present_tense

Simple Present Tense Affirmative Negative Question

  • Cümlelerin Türkçe karşılıklarını düşünün.
  • Bilmediğiniz kelimeleri ve anlamlarını bir kağıda yazarak kelime çalışması yapın.
  • Olumlu cümleleri olumsuz yapmaya çalışın.
  • Olumsuz cümleleri olumlu yapmaya çalışın.
  • Soru cümlelerini cevaplamaya çalışın.
  • Aşağıdaki cümlelerin tamamını pdf olarak indirin: Simple Present Tense Örnekler PDF

Ne kadar çok ingilizce geniş zaman cümlesi kullanırsanız o kadar kolay öğrenirsiniz.

This house costs a lot of money.
He works with Government in some secret division.
My friend always helps me if I need it.
Simon can read English books.
Where do you put up from?
He goes to work by car.
It doesn’t rain here in the summer.
They live in teepees.
We cook every day.
We go to the gym club together.

Burada, ingilizce geniş zaman örnekleri soru, olumlu cümle yada olumsuz cümle şeklinde karşınıza çıkabilir.

Do you read a lot?
We take the bus often.
They speak English well.
He plays in goal.
I usually wake up at early in the morning.
When do you go to sleep?
They help their parents a lot.
Carpenters make furniture from wood.
I wash the car on Wednesday.
He likes taking photographs.

Simple present tense cümleleri kurulumu en kolay cümlelerdendir.

He always speaks the truth.
Steve draws nice pictures.
I fly to Austria every winter.
Maria goes to Canada.
They always go to work by bus.
When do you get up
You have a big house.
They sleep in the afternoon.
When do they usually talk to each other?
The children are at home.

Daha çok simple present tense örnekleri ile bilginizi güçlendirin.

I love Paris.
She knows a lot about cooking.
The children like ice cream.
We have a marvellous garden.
They know the book.
What sports does Lucy like?
The supermarket closes at 0 pm every Saturday.
The children read a lot of funny books.
They drink milk every morning.
I always hurry to the bus stop.

Necla visits her old aunt everyday.
Tom goes to the park.
Do we get wool from sheep?
Bill has got nine poster.
Where do I come on Mondays?
The children play in the morning.
She swims for an hour every morning.
I drive a small car.
The sun rises in the East.
You live in London.

He wears expensive clothes.
Jane goes to school.
They are good friends.
She seldom speaks to him.
They sometimes go to the cinema.
Elephants eat grass.
I like reading detective stories.
I like geography and science.
She doesn’t study German on Monday.
Does she live in London?

Her friends like pizza and pasta.
What do you buy in the supermarket?
Berkan listens to the radio.
A waiter works in a restaurant.
Does she drink coffee every day?
George and Michael are good singers.
You like cats.
They work in a bank.
We are pen friends.
It often rains on Sundays.

How often do you study English?
I always drink tea in the morning.
Do I love studying languages?
Do you meet your friends on Fridays?
The teacher walks to school every day.
Emir likes pop music.
The window is open.
The Olympic champion doesn’t come from Victoria.
She doesn’t work abroad.
She smokes too much.

Does she dance often?
I understand English.
They don’t win at tennis.
Does your mother live in Houston?
The child and his mother help each other.
I have a new black shirt.
I don’t like computers at all.
How often do you play football?
Ayla dances every Saturday with her boyfriend.
Raccoons come out at night.

She feeds the animals.
He works in a restaurant.
I usually stay at home on Fridays.
My parents woks all day.
Does he teach physics?
Man proposes but God disposes.
The cat is on the chair.
This car has two doors.
Does David want some coffee?
Sometimes they go shopping to a big town.

Simple Present Tense’i (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) tüm detayları ile öğrenmek için İngilizce Geniş Zaman Konu Anlatımı isimli makaleyi okuyunuz.

Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) ile ilgili daha fazla örnek cümle için Simple Present Tense Örnekler bağlantısına tıklayınız.

Simple Present Tense’i (İngilizce Geniş Zaman) yeterince öğrendiğinizi mi düşünüyorsunuz? O halde İngilizce Geniş Zaman Testleri bağlantısına tıklayınız.

Simple Present Tense Konu Anlatımı

The Simple Present Tense“  ile, sıklıkla yaptığımız işleri, alışkanlıkları, olayları yada durumları anlatırız. Simple Present Tense Konu anlatımı İngilizce Geniş Zaman Konu Anlatımı olarak söyleyebiliriz ancak bazı istisnalar da yok değil. Her gün işe giderim, Sık sık kahve içerim, Kediler balık sever, Ben erken kalkarım, Dünya yuvarlaktır gibi cümleleri bu zaman yapısı ile kurarız. Simple Present Tense konu anlatımını (İngilizce Geniş Zaman konu anlatımı) tüm detayları ile burada bulabilirsiniz.

Simple Present Tense Signal words:

  • always = her zaman, daima
  • every … = her… örn./ her pazar, her ay, her gece…
  • often = sık sık
  • normally = normalde, genelde
  • usually = genellikle, çoğunlukla
  • sometimes = bazen, ara sıra
  • seldom = nadiren, pek az, seyrek
  • never = asla, hiç

Yukarıda yer alan sinyal kelimeler sıklık zarfları olarak adlandırılır. Bir işi ne sıklıkta yada ne kadar ara ile yaptığımızı belirtmek için sıklık zarflarını kullanırız. Sıklık Zarfları konu anlatımı, sıklık zarfları örnek cümleleri için buraya bakınız:  Sıklık Zarfları Frequency Adverbs

Simple Present Tense Formül

simple_present_tense

Simple Present Tense Affirmative Negative Question

Simple Present Tense Olumlu Cümle Konu Anlatımı

Simple Present Tense Affirmative

Özne + Fiil + Tümleç

Present Simple Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman ) ile fiilin yalın halini kullanırız. (go, work, speak, study gibi). Ancak eylemi yapan 3. tekil şahıs ise (he, she, it), fiil duruma göre s/es/ies ekini alır.

  • I write a letter every day.
  • You write a letter every day.
  • We write a letter every day.
  • They write a letter every day.
  • He writes a letter every day.
  • She writes a letter every day.
  • It writes a letter every day.

İngilizce Geniş Zaman olumlu cümle yapısı için 100 adet örnek cümle Simple Present Tense Olumlu Cümleler

Simple Present Tense Olumsuz Cümle Konu Anlatımı

Simple Present Tense Negative

Özne + DON’T/DOESN’T+ Fiil + Tümleç

Simple Present Tense cümlelerinin olumlu yapısında yardımcı fiil kullanılmıyor. Ancak Simple Present Tense cümlelerinin soru ve olumsuz şekillerini yapabilmemiz için yardımcı bir fiile ihtiyacımız vardır. Simple Present Tense (İngilizce Geniş Zaman ) cümlelerinin olumsuz ve soru şekillerinde DO ve DOES yardımcı fiili kullanılır. Bunlardan DOES yardımcı fiili sadece 3. tekil şahıslar için (he/she/it) kullanılır. DO yardımcı fiili ise diğer şahısların bulunduğu cümlelerde kullanılır. Bütün yardımcı fiillerde olduğu gibi, yardımcı fiili olumsuz yaparken yardımcı fiilden sonra NOT ifadesi eklenir. DO NOT yada DOES NOT. Yine bütün yardımcı fiillerde olduğu gibi kısaltılmış olarak N’T uygulanırsa DON’T yada DOESN’T halini alır.

  • I don’t write a letter every day.
  • You don’t write a letter every day.
  • We don’t write a letter every day.
  • They don’t write a letter every day.
  • He doesn’t write a letter every day.
  • She doesn’t write a letter every day.
  • It doesn’t write a letter every day.

Yukarıdaki cümleleri incelediğimizde ben, sen/siz, biz, onlar öznesi ile don’t yardımcı fiili kullanılırken 3. tekil şahıslar için doesn’t yardımcı fiilinden yararlanıyoruz. Yukarıdaki örnekler de de görebileceğiniz gibi simple present tense olumsuz cümlelerinde tüm şahıslar için fiilin yalın halini kullanırız.

İngilizce Geniş Zaman olumsuz cümle yapısı için 100 adet örnek cümle Simple Present Tense Olumsuz Cümleler

Simple Present Tense Soru Cümlesi Konu Anlatımı

Simple Present Tense Question

DO/DOES + Özne + Fiil + Tümleç

Şimdi de Simple Present Tense olumlu soru ve Simple Present Tense olumsuz soru yapılarından bahsedeceğiz. İngilizce’ de kullanılan zamanların tümünde cevabı EVET ya da HAYIR olarak verilen sorular daima yardımcı fiil ile sorulur. Simple Present Tense yardımcı fiili ise DO ve DOES‘ dır.

  • Do I write a letter every day?
  • Do you write a letter every day?
  • Do we write a letter every day?
  • Do they write a letter every day?
  • Does he write a letter every day?
  • Does she write a letter every day?
  • Does it write a letter every day?

Yukarıdaki cümleleri incelediğimizde Simple Present Tense olumlu soru cümlelerinde ben, sen/siz, biz, onlar öznesi ile do yardımcı fiili kullanılırken 3. tekil şahıslar için does yardımcı fiilinden yararlanıyoruz. Yukarıdaki örnekler de de görebileceğiniz gibi simple present tense soru cümlelerinde tüm şahıslar için fiilin yalın halini kullanırız. Olumsuz soru yapmak için soru cümlesi özneye göre don’t yada doesn’t ile başlar.

İngilizce Geniş Zaman soru cümle yapısı için 100 adet örnek cümle Simple Present Tense Soru Cümleleri

İngilizce’ de -hangi zamanda olursa olsun- yardımcı fiille sorulan soruların cevabı YES yada NO ile başlar. Şimdi bir kaç örnekle bu sorulara nasıl cevap verebiliriz bunu inceleyelim.

  • Do you go to the cinema? (Sinemaya gider misiniz?)
    • Yes, I do. (Evet giderim.)
    • No, I don’t. (Hayır gitmem.)
  • Does Selin read books? Selin kitapları okur mu?
    • Yes, she does. (Evet okur.)
    • No, she doesn’t. (Hayır okumaz.)

Simple Present Tense “WH” Question

“WH Questions” olarak tabir edilen soru cümleleri genellikle cümlenin başında yer alırlar. (what – when – where – who – why – how – how much – how many) Örnekler:

  • What do you do? I’m a teacher.
  • What does he do? He’s a teacher.
  • What do you like? I like pop music.
  • What does Ahmet like? Ahmet likes pop music.
  • Where do you live? I live in Germany.
  • Where does he live? He lives in Germany.
  • Where do they play? They play in the garden.
  • Where does she play? She plays in the garden.
  • When do you go to the cinema? I go to the cinema on Saturdays.
  • When does Kerem run? Kerem runs with his dog every day.
  • Why do you go to Izmir? We go to Izmir because it is warm there.
  • What does Sedat repair? Sedat repairs his bike.
  • How does Hakan drive his car? Hakan drives his car carefully.
  • What does Filiz do? Filiz goes to Italy for a holiday.

Dikkat: Who, what veya which özne durumunda olduğu zaman do/does kullanılmaz.

  • Who lives in this house? Ahmet lives in this house.
  • Who rides his bike? Remzi rides his bike.

İngilizce Geniş Zaman wh soru cümleleri ile ilgili birbirinden güzel örnek cümleler için Simple Present Tense WH Questions

Simple Present Tense ile ilgili konu anlatımına devam ediyoruz. İngilizce Geniş Zaman 3. tekil şahıslarda fiilin yalın haline fiilin durumuna göre S/ES/IES takılarının eklendiğini görmüştük. Şimdi bunu biraz daha iyi anlamaya çalışalım.

Simple Present Tense 3. tekil şahıslarda (he, she,it) fiilin durumu:

Eğer fiilin son harfleri şunları içeriyorsa ( -ss, -sh, -ch, -xyada –o ) fiilin sonuna es takısı eklenir. Örnekler:

  • kiss – kisses
  • finish – finishes
  • watch – watches
  • mix – mixes
  • go – goes

Eğer fiilin son harfi y ise ve y den önceki harf de sessiz bir harf ise y harfi kalkar ve yerine ies gelir. Örnekler:

  • study – studies
  • copy – copies
  • try – tries
  • carry – carries

Diğer durumlarda ise fiilin sonuna s harfi gelir.

“be” fiili özel durumu

“to be” fiilinin sözlük anlamı “olmak” tır. “be” fiili öznenin hal takısı olarak görev yapabilir ve başka bir fiile ihtiyaç duymadan durum bildiren cümlelerde fiil görevini üzerine alır. Bu tip cümleler şahısların kim, ne, nasıl, ve nerede olduklarını belirlerler. Simple Present Tense‘ de “be” fiili özneye göre am/is/are halini alır. “I” için “am”, “you, we, they” için “are”, “he, she, it” için ise “is” kullanılır. Affirmative sentences (Olumlu Cümleler)

  • I am from Ankara.
  • You are from Ankara.
  • We are from Ankara.
  • They are from Ankara.
  • He is from Ankara.
  • She is from Ankara.
  • It is from Ankara.

Negative sentences (Olumsuz Cümleler)

  • I am not from Ankara.
  • You aren’t from Ankara.
  • We aren’t from Ankara.
  • They aren’t from Ankara.
  • He isn’t from Ankara.
  • She isn’t from Ankara.
  • It isn’t from Ankara.

Questions (Sorular)

  • Am I from Ankara?
  • Are you from Ankara?
  • Are We from Ankara?
  • Are they from Ankara?
  • Is he from Ankara?
  • Is she from Ankara?
  • Is it from Ankara?

Örnekleri incelediğimizde konuyu daha iyi anlayacağınızı düşünüyorum: to be fiili konu anlatımı ve örnek cümleleri

“do” fiili özel durumu

Do fiilinin sözlük anlamı “yapmak” tır. Simple present tense ile do fiilinin kullanılması gerektiği durumlarda I/you/we/they için do , he/she/it için does kullanılır. Burada kullanılan do ve does yardımcı fiil görevinde değil esas fiil görevindedir. Affirmative sentences (Olumlu Cümleler)

  • I do an exercise.
  • You do an exercise.
  • We do an exercise.
  • They do an exercise.
  • He does an exercise.
  • She does an exercise.
  • It does an exercise.

Negative sentences (Olumsuz Cümleler) Simple present tense olumsuz cümlelerinde do fiilini kullanmak istediğimizde do fiili hem esas fiil hemde yardımcı fiil olarak kullanılır. I/you/we/they için don’t, he/she/it için doesn’t yardımcı fiil konumundadır, sonrasında gelen do fiili ise esas fiil konumundadır.

  • I don’t do an exercise.
  • You don’t do an exercise.
  • We don’t do an exercise.
  • They don’t do an exercise.
  • He doesn’t do an exercise.
  • She doesn’t do an exercise.
  • It doesn’t do an exercise.

Questions (Sorular) Yine simple present tense soru cümlelerinde do fiilini kullanmak istediğimizde do fiili hem esas fiil hemde yardımcı fiil olarak kullanılır. Soru cümlesinde özneden önce yer alan I/you/we/they için Do ve he/she/it için Does yardımcı fiil konumundadır, sonrasında gelen do fiili ise esas fiil konumundadır.

  • Do I do an exercise?
  • Do you do an exercise?
  • Do we do an exercise?
  • Do you do an exercise?
  • Does he do an exercise?
  • Does she do an exercise?
  • Does it do an exercise?

Örnekleri incelediğimizde konuyu daha iyi anlayacağınızı düşünüyorum.

“have” fiili özel durumu

have fiilinin sözlük anlamı sahip olmaktır, fakat Türkçe’ ye çevirirken “var” demek daha doğru olur. Çünkü “I have a pencil” cümlesini Türkçe söylerken “Ben bir kaleme sahibim” demeyiz, “Benim bir kalemim” var deriz. Simple present tense ile have fiilinin kullanılması gerektiği durumlarda olumlu cümlelerde I/you/we/they için have he/she/it için has kullanılır. Affirmative sentences (Olumlu Cümleler)

  • I have a car.
  • You have a car.
  • We have a car.
  • They have a car.
  • He has a car.
  • She has a car.
  • It has a car.

Negative sentences (Olumsuz Cümleler)

  • I don’t have a car.
  • You don’t have a car.
  • We don’t have a car.
  • They don’t have a car.
  • He doesn’t have a car.
  • She doesn’t have a car.
  • It doesn’t have a car.

Questions (Sorular)

  • Do I have a car?
  • Do you have a car?
  • Do we have a car?
  • Do you have a car?
  • Does he have a car?
  • Does she have a car?
  • Does it have a car?

Örnekleri incelediğimizde konuyu daha iyi anlayacağınızı düşünüyorum.

“Modal verbs” özel durumu (can, may, must, need etc.)

Modals olarak tabir edilen bazı özel fiiller geniş zaman cümlelerinde (olumlu, olumsuz, soru) yardımcı fiil almazlar. Affirmative sentences (Olumlu Cümleler)

  • I can play tennis. / You can play tennis. / We can play tennis. / They can play tennis.
  • He can play tennis. / She can play tennis. / It can play tennis.

Negative sentences (Olumsuz Cümleler)

  • I can’t play tennis. / You can’t play tennis. / We can’t play tennis. / They can’t play tennis.
  • He can’t play tennis. / She can’t play tennis. / It can’t play tennis.

Questions (Sorular)

  • Can I play tennis? / Can you play tennis? / Can we play tennis? / Can they play tennis?
  • Can he play tennis? / Can she play tennis? / Can it play tennis?

Görüldüğü gibi modal içeren Simple Present Tense olumsuz ve soru cümlelerinde don’t ya da doesn’t yardımcı fiili kullanılmaz. Örnekleri incelediğimizde konuyu daha iyi anlayacağınızı düşünüyorum.

“Stative verbs” özel durumu (know, want, like, love, hear etc.)

Sınırlı sayıdaki Stative fiiller bir kaç istisna dışında her zaman Present Simple Tense ile kullanılır. Aslında bunlardan bazılarını çok iyi biliyoruz. Örneğin “Seni seviyorum” demek istediğimizde cümleyi Present Continuous Tense ile değil de Simple Present Tense ile  “I love you” kurarız. Benzer bir şekilde “Bir fincan kahve istiyorum” demek istediğimizde “I want a cup of coffee.” şeklinde cümlemizi kurarız. Stative verbs ile kurulan cümleleri bir kaç istisna dışında daima Present Simple Tense ile kurarız. Dipnot: Bir cümleyi vurgulayarak kullanmak istediğimizde do/does yardımcı fiilini olumlu cümlelerde de kullanabiliriz.

  • He does read strange stories.
  • I do want a help, please.

İngilizce Geniş Zaman konusuyla ilgili daha fazla örnek için: